The proof-of-concept demonstration tricks the eyes into seeing what's behind the cloaked object as if the light rays were directly passing through the "invisible" object. The cloak is reconfigurable in the sense that if the background changes, the output can be updated through another scan of the background area by the camera, with ray-tracing algorithms put into play to compute the right display rendering on the LCD so each micro-lens redirects the right colours in the right directions (the maths have to take into account the depth of the concealed zone).
The thin, parallel semi-cylindrical micro-lenses then recreate multiple images of the background, hence perfecting the illusion regardless of the viewer's position (a considerable improvement over a flat 2D rendering which would equate to intercalating a poster of the background).
Because the proof-of-concept experiment only used a camera mounted onto a rail for scanning the background, it took PhD student Joseph Choi and his advisor Professor of Physics John Howell several minutes to scan, process and update the image on the screen for every change in background.
But in the future, Choi envisages that one side of the object to be concealed could be covered with a lenticular array of optical sensors, and a conformable lenticular display onto its other side showing the right pixels in all directions so as to show the background as if the object weren't there. A fixed setup would only work as long as the object's shape wouldn't change, the geometry and spatial location of the optical sensors being taken into consideration in the mathematical model to compute which pixels to feed on the output display.