Ensure interoperability through common standards
Today's active and passive safety systems, such as safety belts, airbags and antilock braking systems, function independently of information sources from outside the vehicle. They are tested for functional safety based on ISO standard 26262. However, if a cellular system is used as an integral part of vehicle functionality, then automobile manufacturers, users, network operators, infrastructure manufacturers and service providers must redefine the rules of the game. This is important, because autonomous and cooperative driving will only be possible if all system components interact reliably. This won't be the first time the cellular world has accomplished this. The establishment of a common framework for interoperability testing over the entire value chain formed the foundation for a global cellular network.
Certification – a success story for the global market
In 1982, Group Special Mobile (GSM) within the European Telecommunication Standards Institute (ETSI) was entrusted with the task of defining rules for the establishment of a European digital cellular network. The objective of the resulting standard was to make it possible to set up and operate the network independently of cellular device manufacturers, network operators, infrastructure manufacturers and SIM cards. Prior to that time, not only were cellular networks based on analog technologies, they were also confined within national borders, networks and sometimes even regions. The first digital cellular standard in Europe intended to change all this. GSM fulfilled the important prerequisite for ensuring rapid implementation: the inclusion of all market players, including device manufacturers, network operators and governmental regulators. The objective was achieved and today GSM stands for global system for mobile communications, a name that reflects the global success of this technology. In 2000, GSM transitioned into the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP).