Active passive antenna system targets 5G infrastructure

Active passive antenna system targets 5G infrastructure

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By Wisse Hettinga

The APA system uniquely interleaves a 5G active antenna with a passive base station antenna under the same radome. It has been developed in response to operator demand to combine the antennas for 3.5 GHz mMIMO with existing passive systems, addressing the big challenge operators face in relation to cell site restraints when looking to deploy new active antennas in dense urban areas.

The interleaved APA system simplifies the evolution to 5G, allowing operators to easily deploy active antennas and thereby introduce support for new spectrum bands to existing macro sites without needing to increase the overall antenna count per sector (and minimising visual impact). Total cost of ownership is lowered due to shared chassis and RF components between the two antenna systems and reduced wind load.

Further, the APA system tackles heat dissipation more efficiently – an issue associated with active antenna technology. The APA system takes advantage of the design and housing of the existing passive antenna to act as the heat exchange for the active antenna, driving efficiency, increasing reliability and reducing overall weight by downsizing the bulky heatsinks typically needed.

“Operators will have many different options for deploying 5G active antennas, but for dense urban locations where space is a considerable issue, APA technology is a very efficient approach,” said Herbert Merz, CEO at RFS. “Investment into infrastructure is going to grow considerably with 5G and so will deployment complexity. This new approach will help to streamline that evolution.”

The APA is effectively a two-in-one system housed in a form factor that’s the same size as the systems operators have already deployed. By interleaving the two antennas using the company’s longstanding heritage and expertise, RFS has been able to minimise distortion while ensuring consistent high performance of both systems. For operators, APA technology will therefore allow them to prepare for 5G’s evolution while also improving their 4G and LTE-A networks to support ever-increasing demand for capacity.

Ther APA system will be demoed for the first time at Mobile World Congress 2018 in Barcelona.

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