Intel, Sandia team on scaled-up neuromorphic computing

Intel, Sandia team on scaled-up neuromorphic computing

Technology News |
By Rich Pell

As part of the three-year agreement, Sandia will kick off its research using a 50-million-neuron Loihi-based system that was delivered to its facility in Albuquerque, New Mexico. This work with Loihi, says the company, will lay the foundation for the later phase of the collaboration, which is expected to include continued large-scale neuromorphic research on Intel’s upcoming next-generation neuromorphic architecture and the delivery of Intel’s largest neuromorphic research system to date, which could exceed more than 1 billion neurons in computational capacity.

“By applying the high-speed, high-efficiency and adaptive capabilities of neuromorphic computing architecture, Sandia National Labs will explore the acceleration of high-demand and frequently evolving workloads that are increasingly important for our national security,” says Mike Davies, director of Intel’s Neuromorphic Computing Lab. “We look forward to a productive collaboration leading to the next generation of neuromorphic tools, algorithms, and systems that can scale to the billion neuron level and beyond.”

While most neuromorphic research to date has focused on the technology’s promise for edge use cases, new developments show that neuromorphic computing could also provide value for large, complex computational problems that require real-time processing, problem solving, adaptation and learning. Initial research conducted on the company’s recently released 100-million neuron system, called Pohoiki Springs, has demonstrated that neuromorphic computing can provide up to four orders of magnitude better energy efficiency for constraint satisfaction – a standard high-performance computing problem – compared to state-of-the-art CPUs, says the company.

Building on this promise, Intel says it plans to deliver multiple large-scale neuromorphic research systems to Sandia as part of the Department of Energy’s Advanced Scientific Computing Research program, which supports U.S. leadership in supercomputing, high-end computational science, and advanced networking for science. Through the collaboration, the organizations hope to advance research in scaled-up neuromorphic computing to determine where these systems are most effective and how they can provide real-world value.

In addition, says the company, the joint effort should help better understand how emerging technologies, like neuromorphic computing, can be utilized as a tool to address some of the country’s most pressing scientific and engineering challenges. These include problems in scientific computing, counter-proliferation, counterterrorism, energy, and national security.

Craig Vineyard, principal member of the Technical Staff at Sandia says, “Sandia National Labs has long been at the leading edge of large-scale computing, using some of the country’s most advanced high-performance computers to further national security. As the need for real-time, dynamic data processing becomes more pressing for this mission, we are exploring entirely new computing paradigms, such as neuromorphic architectures. Our work has helped keep Sandia National Labs on the forefront of computing, and this new endeavor with Intel’s Neuromorphic Research Group will continue this legacy into the future.”

Using neuromorphic research systems in house, Sandia says it plans to expand on this research to evaluate the scaling of a variety of spiking neural network workloads, from physics modeling to graph analytics to large-scale deep networks – the sort of problems that are useful for performing scientific simulations such as modeling particle interactions in fluids, plasmas, and materials. These physics simulations increasingly need to leverage advances in optimization, data science, and advanced machine learning capabilities in order to find solutions.

Accordingly, says the organization, potential applications for these workloads include simulating the behavior of materials, finding patterns and relationships in datasets, and analyzing temporal events from sensor data. To begin this work, Sandia will run various workloads on a 50-million neuron Loihi-based system and evaluate initial results.

As research progresses, both Sandia and Intel will collaborate to scale the research to larger and more powerful neuromorphic systems, including systems powered by Intel’s upcoming next-generation neuromorphic research chip. Sandia will also receive Intel’s largest neuromorphic research system to-date, which could exceed more than 1 billion neurons.

Sandia National Labs

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