Rare-earth implanted silicon technology triggers high performance LED advance

Rare-earth implanted silicon technology triggers high performance LED advance

Technology News |
By eeNews Europe

Silicon is the ‘gold standard’ semiconductor at the heart of the computer industry but lacks the ability to produce, detect and amplify the light signals that are sent down optical fibre. For the amplification of light signals rare-earth elements are required and the were thought to not interact optically with silicon.

The scientists have discovered that light can be generated by an electron ‘jumping’ directly between silicon and rare-earths.

“The electronic data in silicon chips needs to be converted into light to send down optical fibre, then back to electronic data, by separate devices. If the conversion between electronic and light signals can happen on a silicon chip, it would streamline the way data travels around the world,” explained Dr Mark Hughes, lecturer in physics at the University of Salford.

“It is the Channel Tunnel factor. Instead of having to change from a train to the ferry and then back to the train, you would have one single train journey. It would be a major step forward.”

Rare-earths usually give off light at specific colours or ‘wavelengths’, and silicon does not usually give off any light at all. However, the physicists implanted the rare-earth elements cerium, europium and ytterbium into silicon and found that not only did it give off light, but the wavelengths emitted by the rare-earths had been shifted to those that can be used in optical fibre. The shift in wavelength showed that there must have been a jump or ‘transition’ of an electron from silicon to the other elements.

The researchers also made high performance light emitting diodes (LEDs) and optical detectors using their rare-earth implanted silicon technology. The devices are able to produce and detect telecommunication wavelength light using silicon.

“In short, we have already made the first step in demonstrating the conversion between electronic and light signals that could create the future silicon chip,” confirmed Dr Hughes:


Silicon-Modified Rare-Earth Transitions – A New Route to Near- and Mid-IR Photonics is published in the forthcoming volume of the journal Advanced Functional Materials. – Manon A Lourenco, Mark A Hughes, Khue T Lai, Imran M Sofi, Willy Ludurczak, Lewis Wong, Russell M Gwilliam and Kevin P Homewood.

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