German industrial adhesive developer Delo has introduced a thermally conducting adhesive for low votlage battery packs.
Delo-Duopox TC8686 is thermally conductive, flame-retardant structural adhesive that is designed for high-volume production. The product is currently used in the ramp-up of an automotive supplier and allows battery cells to be bonded into the battery housing while also efficiently dissipating the heat generated during operation.
Delo-Duopox TC8686 combines structural bonding and connection of the thermal management system in one step instead of mechanically connecting the battery cells and then using so-called gap fillers for heat dissipation. This saves one process step and simplifies production. The product is not only suitable for mild hybrids, but also for conventional hybrids and for other batteries in the low-voltage range, such as those used in e-bikes and e-scooters.
The product is designed for temperatures ranging from -40 °C to +85 °C and offers good strength on battery cells and typical housing materials. For example, the tensile shear strength on aluminum is 18 N/mm². The adhesive also meets the strength requirements of the automotive industry at typical operating temperatures between 10°C and 40°C up to the maximum service temperature of 80°C, a temperature at which the battery electrolyte can already be irreversibly damaged. The adhesive’s properties in terms of elongation at tear also help to meet these requirements. A certain flexibility compensates for the different thermal expansion behaviors of cell and housing material during operation.
The product’s thermal conductivity, which is a very important factor for battery cell applications, is 1.1 W/m*K. Another major benefit is that it meets the requirements for flame retardancy according to UL 94 V-0.
Delo-Duopox TC8686 has also been optimized for manufacturing processes. It offers a simple mixing ratio of 2:1. It has a processing time of approximately 30 minutes after mixing. This is long enough for prototypes and small series and fast enough for fully automated systems. After four hours, the adhesive reaches its initial strength; 90% of its final strength can be achieved after 24 hours. Even with low heat input, this amount of time can be reduced significantly. Depending on the battery electrolyte used, temperatures of 60°C are conceivable.
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