The entity list is maintained by the Commerce Department’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) and the foreign entities and individuals on the list are there because it considers them to be engaged in activities that are contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States.

The 27 entities and individuals are located in the People’s Republic of China (PRC), Japan, Pakistan and Singapore.

Eight of the entities are based in the PRC and are being added to the list to prevent US technologies from being used for the PRC’s quantum computing efforts that support military applications, such as counter-stealth and counter-submarine applications, and the ability to break encryption or develop unbreakable encryption.

The Chinese entities are:

Corad Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd.;

Hangzhou Zhongke Microelectronics Co., Ltd.;

Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale;

Hunan Goke Microelectronics;

New H3C Semiconductor Technologies Co., Ltd.;

Peaktek Company Ltd.;

Poly Asia Pacific Ltd., (PAPL):

QuantumCTek Co., Ltd.;

Shaanxi Zhi En Electromechanical Technology Co., Ltd.

Shanghai QuantumCTek Co., Ltd.;

Xi’an Aerospace Huaxun Technology;

Yunchip Microelectronics.

Sixteen entities and individuals operating in PRC and Pakistan were added to the entity list based on their contributions to Pakistan’s nuclear activities or ballistic missile program.

In addition BIS has added the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology to the military end-user (MEU) list on the basis of its production of military products for a military end-user.

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