Diode bridge controller minimizes rectifier heat and voltage loss

June 10, 2013 //By Paul Buckley
Diode bridge controller minimizes rectifier heat and voltage loss
Linear Technology Corporation has introduced an ideal diode bridge controller for 9 V to 72 V systems that replaces each of the four diodes in a full-wave bridge rectifier with a low loss N-channel MOSFET to reduce the power dissipation.

Power supply size is reduced as the enhanced power efficiency eliminates bulky heat sinks. Low voltage applications benefit from the extra margin afforded by saving the two diode drops inherent in diode bridges. Compared to the traditional alternative, the MOSFET bridge enables a rectifier design that is highly space- and power-efficient. The controller operates from DC to 600 Hz.

The LT4320 switch control smoothly turns on the appropriate two MOSFETs, while keeping the other two off to prevent reverse currents. An integrated charge pump provides the gate drive for the external low on-resistance N-channel MOSFETs without requiring external capacitors. The choice of MOSFETs offers the greatest flexibility in power levels ranging from one to thousands of watts.

Availability and Pricing

The LT4320 is available in two options: the LT4320 is designed for DC to 60 Hz voltage rectification, whereas the LT4320-1 rectifies DC to 600 Hz. Specified over the −40oC to 85oC industrial temperature ranges, the LT4320 is offered in a compact 8-pin 3 mm x 3 mm DFN package, and a 12-lead MSOP package with enhanced high-voltage pin spacing. Priced beginning at $2.95 each for 1,000-piece quantities, the device is available today in production quantities.

More information about the LT4320 diode bridge controller at www.linear.com/product/LT4320

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